- The National Response Framework (NRF) is a guide to how the nation responds to all types of disasters and emergencies.
- The NRF is used to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies.
- The NRF also established a fundamental mission to (1) engage partnerships; (2) tiered response; (3) flexible and adaptable operational capability; (4) unity of effort through unified command; and (5) readiness to act.
- The governor coordinates state resources and provides the guidance for all types of incidents.
- The National Incident Management System (NIMS) focus is to better improve the nation’s response to emergencies. Its goal is a better system that can more efficiently allocate resources in the event of a disaster and facilitate cooperation among diverse entities and agencies.
- NIMS guides all levels of government, non-governmental organizations (NGO), and the private sector to work together to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from incidents.
- A comprehensive, nationwide, systematic approach to incident management, including the command and coordination of incidents, resource management, and information management
- A set of concepts and principles for all threats, hazards, and events across all mission areas (Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, Recovery)
- Scalable, flexible, and adaptable; used for all incidents, from day-to-day to large-scale
- Standard resource management procedures that enable coordination among different jurisdictions or organizations
- Management system designed to enable effective and efficient domestic incident management by integrating a combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications operating within a common organizational structure.
- Structured to facilitate activities in five major functional areas: command, operations, planning, logistics, Intelligence & Investigations, finance and administration.
- Purpose of enabling incident managers to identify the key concerns associated with the incident often under urgent conditions without sacrificing attention to any component of the command system.
The National Response Framework (NRF) is the guide that established the fundamental mission to engage partnerships, tiered responses, and unit efforts. In short, the NRF is responsible for all the planning and preparedness that goes into the support of the communities.
The National Incident Management System (NIMS) guides the government officials and organizations in the private sector regarding the necessary recourses for the emergencies they are faced with daily. The system is set-up to be resourceful towards any kind of national emergency event, whether it’s to mitigate, prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from.
The Incident Command System (ICS) assist in bring the necessary tools and plans of action to the major areas in an emergency location. ICS provides a way for all organizations involved in work together in a manner that allows them to respond to emergencies more efficiently and with an increased level of precision (Gregory, 2015).
I believe all these documents are important to emergency planning. However, it is equally important for each entity to communicate the duties/functions to each other, therefore, eliminating any confusion regarding the duties of each agency.
1Corinthians 14:40 (NIV) reads: “But all things should be done in a fitting and orderly way.” Organization is the key to any leadership.
FEMA. (2019). National Response Framework (4th Ed.). FEMA. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/117791
FEMA. (2020). National Incident Management System Training. FEMA. Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nims/nims_training_program.pdf
FEMA. (2018). Incident Command System. FEMA Retrieved from https://www.fema.gov/incident-command-system-resources
Gregory, P., A. (2015). Reassessing the effectiveness of All-Hazard planning in emergency management. Inquiries. Retrieved from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/1050/reassessing-the-effectiveness-of-all-hazards-planning-in-emergency-management